Russian wedding

State Historical Museum Exhibitions

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Event date

18.12.2019 - 01.04.2020

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State Historical Museum

The official wedding lists of the tsars Mikhail Fedorovich and Alexei Mikhailovich, the wedding icon of Tsarina Evdokia Fedorovna Lopukhina and other items tell about the formation of the Russian wedding tradition and the magnificent royal wedding.

Among the rare and especially valuable exhibits at the exhibition are wooden high reliefs depicting a peasant wedding. They were made by an unknown sculptor of the late 18th - early 19th centuries and presented to the exhibition by the Tver Regional Art Gallery.

An authentic weaving mill of the beginning of the 19th century, spinning combs, painted spinning wheels and sewing machines of the 18th – 19th centuries from different regions of Russia tell about the important role of the dowry for the bride and the techniques of its preparation, including embroidery and preparation of the “tailor” - part of the traditional homespun dowry or factory textiles.

At the exhibition you can see a wide variety of girls' hats, which have great symbolic meaning. In different regions, they played the role of wedding. After the wedding, they performed the ancient rite of "winding up": the young wife was combed with a braid and changed her headdress to a new one that completely covered her hair. A change in hairstyle and headgear testified to a final change in status.

Subject complexes complement the painting. Among them are the famous painting by the unknown artist of the 18th century, "The Bachelorette Party in the City of Toropets," from the collection of the Historical Museum, as well as the famous painting by artist M. Shibanov, "The Celebration of the Wedding Contract" of 1777, which is stored in the Tretyakov Gallery, and the painting "The Old Rite of the Blessing of the Bride in Murome "I. S. Kulikova from the Vladimir-Suzdal Museum-Reserve.

With the help of multimedia programs you can get acquainted with ritual folklore, see photos of past eras and "plunge" into the variety of wedding rituals.

Thanks to the action announced by the Historical Museum, wedding photos from the family archives of Russians will become part of the exhibition, stretching the thread from tradition to modernity.

The Artefact application allows you to see the exhibition virtually, and museum guests to learn additional information about the exhibits.