At the turn of the XVII-XVIII centuries Cossacks inhabited the Kuban lands. Situated on the border region, Kuban became the place where the new ethnicity, Kuban Cossacks, was formed. Today, its revival is inextricably linked to the development of this region, and with the preservation of cultural, historical traditions and the public service.
In the XVIII century as a result of Russo-Turkish wars, the new regions were annexed to Russia. With the decree of Empress Catherine II, Crimea, Taman and the right bank of Kuban became a part of Russia. In 1787 with the participation of Prince Potemkin was created the Black Sea Cossacks Host and in the reign of Alexander II it was renamed to the Kuban Cossack Host. This Host was meant to protect the Empire in the foothills of the Caucasus Mountains on a land and from the sea.
At the exhibition, the history of the Kuban Cossacks is represented by more than 200 artefacts from the collection of the oldest museum in the South of Russia, the Krasnodar State Historical and Archaeological Museum named after Y. D. Felitsyn. For the first time visitors will see authentic items from the Kuban Cossack regalia: the letters of Pavel I and Alexander I to the Black Sea Cossack Host, the uniforms of the Cossacks of His Imperial Majesty’s Escort, the Ataman maces, the letters of the Emperors Alexander II and Nicholas II to the Kuban Cossack Host. The collection of St. George’s standards tells about one of the most striking and memorable pages in Russian military history – the defence of Sevastopol during Crimean War in 1853-1856.
Original items of material culture such as standards, weapons, orders and awards, clothing, household items, written and visual materials will allow the visitors to learn more about the life of the Kuban Cossacks, as well as the revival of the Cossacks in our days.
The objects from the collection of the State Historical Museum will be presented for the visitors for the first time.
The exhibition “The Kuban Cossacks. Pages of the history..” became a first step in the process of creation of the Central Museum of Russian Cossacks.