Аrs botanica. Floral motifs in the art of the first half of the XIX century.
14 Dec., 2016 — 3 Apr., 2017

At first time The State Historical Museum presenting a unique collection of bead works and other objects of decorative and fine arts of the first half of the XIX century with floral and plant motifs and symbology. The exhibition shows about 100 exhibits, interesting for its history.

Despite the relative chronological proximity and loads of documentary and other evidence, the culture of the first half of the XIX century, remains poorly known. One of the most exciting and challenging aspects of this culture is the symbolism of colors, based on the reflections of Baroque emblems, Empire style images, but also penetrated in the late XVIII century fashion the eastern  selam (language of flowers). Echoes of flower symbolism still exist. So, the red rose is a sign of love, lily – purity and innocence. However, the richness of this cultural phenomenon remains hidden in many ways. The exposition aims to demonstrate its great variety to audiences.

In the first exhibition hall you can see the individual experience appeals to floralnym grounds, which will be presented the personal accessories of the Empress Alexandra Feodorovna. This handwritten Blumensprache (language of flowers), which she enjoyed, diaries with floral sketches, herbarium, letters of the Empress to her father and leaves from the album “holiday description” Magic of the White Rose “, which was dedicated to the celebration of the birthday of Alexandra Feodorovna in Potsdam in 1829 year. In this part of the exhibition also displays magazines and guides that show the popularity of such phenomena as the language of flowers.

The hall demonstrates videos,  as material for  which was used  a poems by Jacques Delisle, Zhukovsky, Pushkin, Karamzin, in which, of course, reflected the language of flowers and floral symbolism.

The second hall is organized on the principle of complexity of the compositions of decorative and fine arts, and consists of several sections.

The first section explains the meaning of individual plants, flowers, and the use of these meanings in the arts and crafts. Here are the items with a solo motives and their accompanying explanations: roses, symbol of love; ear, associated with fashion to the image of the ancient goddess Ceres; nezabudok, violets, whose meanings have been deeply woven into the culture of the nobility of the album; oak, possesses masculine overtones and so forth.

The second section shows the items with flower arrangements in the design and reveals the image and meaning of garlands, bouquets, wreaths as a symbol of good wishes. It also presented akrogrammy – encrypted messages in floral wreaths and bouquets.

The third section includes objects of decorative art, which features a combination of colors and different attributes – lire, arrows, cornucopias, which complement the flower meanings, making them in different variations.

The last section shows a combination of flowers, plants and mythological figures, zoomorphic, anthropomorphic scenes.

The exhibition also presents the work of contemporary jewelry house Anna Nova, relying on the tradition of the art of the XIX century,  and objects from private collections of objects Y.D.  Zhuravitskogo (things on display for the first time) and E.A. Malinko.



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